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Working together, we help you understand your condition and treatment options to make a shared decision about your care. All therapies have risks and benefits that must be balanced with your wishes and lifestyle. Our articles are based on the best medical evidence along with our expertise to help you achieve the best health outcome possible.

Health Topics A-Z

Spine Topics | Brain Topics | Medical Tests


A B C D E F G H IJ K L M N O P R S T V W X


A

Acoustic neuroma
Acoustic neuroma, suboccipital surgery
Acoustic neuroma: Q & A
Adjacent segment disease and spinal surgery: Q & A
Adult degenerative scoliosis
Anatomy of the brain
Anatomy of the spine
Aneurysm clipping
Aneurysm coiling, flow diversion
Aneurysm, ruptured
Aneurysm, unruptured
Angiogram
Anterior cervical discectomy & fusion (ACDF)
Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF)
Arnold Chiari
Arteriovenous malformations (AVM)
Artificial cervical discs Q & A
Astrocytomas
Atherosclerosis (carotid artery disease)
Audiometry test (hearing test)
Axial lumbar interbody fusion (AxiaLIF)

B

Back pain
Balance activities for home
Braces for your back
Braces for your cervical-thoracic spine
Braces for your neck
Brain anatomy
Brain biopsy
Brain injury
Brain tumors, introduction
Brain tumors, metastasis
Brain tumors, gliomas
Brain tumors: Q & A
Bypass surgery, cerebral

C

Carpal tunnel surgery
Carotid artery disease
Carotid stenosis
Cauda equina syndrome
Cerebral bypass surgery
Cervical-thoracic braces
Chiari I malformation
Chiari decompression surgery
Chiropractic care
Clinical trials (current research studies)
Clinical trials, understanding research studies
Coccydynia
Computed tomography (CT)
Concussion (mild traumatic brain injury)
Corpus callosotomy
Craniopharyngioma
Craniotomy
Curvature of the spine (scoliosis)

D

Decompression laminectomy
Degenerative disc disease (spondylosis)
Degenerative scoliosis (spinal deformity)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)
Discectomy, anterior cervical (ACD)
Discectomy, posterior lumbar
Discogram
• Dry needling (VIDEO)

E

Electroencephalogram (EEG)
Electromyogram (EMG)
Endovascular aneurysm coiling
Endovascular surgery
Endoscopic-assisted surgery
Endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary tumors
Epidural steroid injections (ESI)
Epilepsy
Epilepsy surgery
Essential tremor
Exercises: Back stretches & strengthening
Exercises: Neck stretches & strengthening

F

Facet arthritis, facet joint syndrome
• Facet joint degeneration & arthritis (VIDEO)
Facet joint injections
Facet nerve blocks
Facet rhizotomy / radiofrequency ablation
Facial pain, trigeminal neuralgia
Foraminotomy
Fractures, spine
Functional MRI (fMRI)
Fusion, preparing for surgery
Fusion, anterior lumbar interbody (ALIF)
Fusion, lateral lumbar interbody (LLIF)
Fusion, transforaminal lumbar interbody (TLIF)

G

Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery (framed)
Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery (frameless)
Gliomas & glioblastomas
Glossopharyngeal neuralgia (throat pain)

H

Head injury
Hearing test (audiometry test)
Hemifacial spasm
Hemispherectomy
Herniated cervical disc
Herniated lumbar disc

I


Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)
Intracranial artery stenosis
Intrathecal drug pump

J

Joint injections

K

Kyphoplasty for spine fractures

L

Laminectomy, laminotomy
Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF)
Leg pain (sciatica)
Lumbar discectomy
Lumbar puncture (spinal tap)
Lumbar sympathetic nerve block

M

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Meningioma tumors
Metastatic brain tumors
Microvascular decompression (MVD)
Minimally invasive surgery
Moyamoya disease
Myelogram

N

Neck pain
Nerve block injection test
Nerve block - occipital nerve
Nerve block - sympathetic nerve
Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)

O

Occipital nerve block injection
Oligodendrogliomas

P

Pain, back
Pain, face
Pain, leg
Pain, neck
Pain management
Parkinson's disease
Parkinson's, coping with
Parkinson's surgery
Percutaneous stereotactic rhizotomy (PSR)
Physical medicine & rehabilitation (PM&R)
Physical therapy (PT)
Pituitary adenoma
Pituitary tumor surgery, endoscopic
Positron emission tomography (PET)
Posterior lumbar discectomy
Posture and body mechanics

R

Radiofrequency (RF) ablation
Radiosurgery: Gamma Knife (framed)
Radiosurgery: Gamma Knife (frameless mask)
Radiosurgery of the brain - stereotactic
Radiotherapy of the brain - fractionated
Rathke's cleft cyst

S

Sacroiliac joint pain (SI joint injections)
• Sacroiliac joint: non-surgical treatments (VIDEO)
• Sacroiliac joint: surgical fusion (VIDEO)
• Sciatica leg pain
Scoliosis, spinal deformity
Seizures
Self care for neck and back pain
Shunt surgery for normal pressure hydrocephalus
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)
Spinal cord stimulation
Spinal decompression: laminectomy
Spinal fractures
Spinal fusion, Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF)
Spinal fusion, Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion (AxiaLIF)
Spinal fusion, Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (LLIF)
Spinal fusion, Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF)
Spinal fusion, preparing for surgery
• Spinal fusion: minimally invasive outpatient surgery options (VIDEO)
Spinal stenosis
• Spinal stenosis: diagnosis and treatment options (VIDEO)
Spine deformity, degenerative scoliosis
Spine anatomy
Spine specialists
Spondylosis (degenerative disc disease)
Spondylolysis
Spondylolisthesis
STA-MCA bypass (cerebral bypass surgery)
Stereotactic radiosurgery
Stroke
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)
Suboccipital surgery for acoustic neuroma
Sympathetic nerve block
Syringomyelia (syrinx)

T

Tailbone pain (coccydynia)
Temporal lobectomy
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF)
Transsphenoidal surgery, endoscopic
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Trigeminal neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia: Q & A Gamma Knife radiosurgery
Tumors, brain

V

Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS)
Vasospasm
Vertebroplasty
Visual field test

W

Wada Test (Intracarotid Amytal test)
Who treats spine problems?

X

X-ray